In accordance with Academia Sinica’s long-term development policy 'institutes for basic sciences and centers for inter-disciplinary research' , the Preparatory Office of the Institute of Linguistics was set up in 1997 with the goals to explore the commonly shared biological, mathematical, and cultural foundation of human language in order to establish scientific and systematic knowledge towards human language. A full-fledged Institute was subsequently established in 2004. Currently, the Institute's faculty comprises 18 full-time researchers. The overall objective of the Institute is to achieve scientific and systematic knowledge about human language by conducting basic linguistic as well as interdisciplinary research focusing on languages of Taiwan and genetically and areally-related languages. Important contributions have been made especially in linguistic structure analyses, language archiving, text, speech and physiology corpora, linguistic computation and simulation, and cross-discipline studies.
(1) Diversity and Vitality：
The Institute covers a wide range of research fields in the area of theoretical linguistics, including phonetics, phonology, lexicology, syntax, semantics, and historical linguistics with focus on empirical data. The Institute aims to play a vital role in building the foundation for the future of linguistic studies in Taiwan through long-term dedication in the basic disciplines of linguistics. In addition, faculty members are also making great efforts in investigating and documenting Taiwan’s endangered languages as part of fulfilling ILAS’s social responsibilities.
(2) Inter-discipline Integration and Expansion：
In addition to the comprehensive research fields, ILAS is active in overcoming the barriers of interdisciplinary studies, and attempt to integrate knowledge from diverse fields. Through these efforts and its commitment to the study of language through interdisciplinary research tools, the institute looks forward to solve more problems in the study of linguistics by integrating neuroscience, cognitive science, corpus linguistics, and computational linguistics.